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elasticsearch+logstash并使用java代码实现日志检索

2021年02月22日  | 萬仟网IT编程  | 我要评论
为了项目日志不被泄露,数据展示不采用kibana1、环境准备1.1 创建普通用户#创建用户useradd querylog#设置密码passwd queylog#授权sudo权限查找sudoers文件

为了项目日志不被泄露,数据展示不采用kibana

1、环境准备

1.1 创建普通用户

#创建用户
useradd querylog

#设置密码
passwd queylog

#授权sudo权限
查找sudoers文件位置 
whereis sudoers
#修改文件为可编辑 
chmod -v u+w /etc/sudoers
#编辑文件
vi /etc/sudoers
#收回权限
chmod -v u-w /etc/sudoers
#第一次使用sudo会有提示

we trust you have received the usual lecture from the local system
administrator. it usually boils down to these three things:

 #1) respect the privacy of others.
 #2) think before you type.
 #3) with great power comes great responsibility.

用户创建完成。

1.2 安装jdk

su queylog
cd /home/queylog
#解压jdk-8u191-linux-x64.tar.gz 
tar -zxvf jdk-8u191-linux-x64.tar.gz 
sudo mv jdk1.8.0_191 /opt/jdk1.8
#编辑/ect/profile
vi /ect/profile
export java_home=/opt/jdk1.8
export jre_home=$java_home/jre
export classpath=.:$java_home/lib:$jre_home/lib:$classpath
export path=$java_home/bin:$jre_home/bin:$path
#刷新配置文件
source /ect/profile
#查看jdk版本
java -verion

1.3 防火墙设置

#放行指定ip
firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule="rule family="ipv4" source address="172.16.110.55" accept" 
#重新载入
firewall-cmd --reload

2、安装elasticsearch

2.1 elasticsearch配置

注意:elasticsearch要使用普通用户启动要不然会报错

su queylog
cd /home/queylog
#解压elasticsearch-6.5.4.tar.gz
tar -zxvf elasticsearch-6.5.4.tar.gz
sudo mv elasticsearch-6.5.4 /opt/elasticsearch
#编辑es配置文件
vi /opt/elasticsearch/config/elasticsearch.yml 
# 配置es的集群名称
cluster.name: elastic
# 修改服务地址
network.host: 192.168.8.224
# 修改服务端口
http.port: 9200

#切换root用户
su root
#修改/etc/security/limits.conf 追加以下内容
vi /etc/security/limits.conf
* hard nofile 655360
* soft nofile 131072
* hard nproc 4096
* soft nproc 2048

#编辑 /etc/sysctl.conf,追加以下内容:
vi /etc/sysctl.conf
vm.max_map_count=655360
fs.file-max=655360

#保存后,重新加载:
sysctl -p

#切换回普通用户
su queylog
#启动elasticsearch
./opt/elasticsearch/bin/elasticsearch
#测试
curl http://192.168.8.224:9200
#控制台会打印
{
 "name" : "l_da6oi",
 "cluster_name" : "elasticsearch",
 "cluster_uuid" : "es7yp6fvtvc8kmhlutoz6w",
 "version" : {
 "number" : "6.5.4",
 "build_flavor" : "default",
 "build_type" : "tar",
 "build_hash" : "d2ef93d",
 "build_date" : "2018-12-17t21:17:40.758843z",
 "build_snapshot" : false,
 "lucene_version" : "7.5.0",
 "minimum_wire_compatibility_version" : "5.6.0",
 "minimum_index_compatibility_version" : "5.0.0"
 },
 "tagline" : "you know, for search"
}

2.2 把elasticsearch作为服务进行管理

#切换root用户
su root
#编写服务配置文件
vi /usr/lib/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service
[unit]
description=elasticsearch
documentation=http://www.elastic.co
wants=network-online.target
after=network-online.target

[service]
environment=es_home=/opt/elasticsearch
environment=es_path_conf=/opt/elasticsearch/config
environment=pid_dir=/opt/elasticsearch/config
environmentfile=/etc/sysconfig/elasticsearch
workingdirectory=/opt/elasticsearch
user=queylog
group=queylog
execstart=/opt/elasticsearch/bin/elasticsearch -p ${pid_dir}/elasticsearch.pid

# standardoutput is configured to redirect to journalctl since
# some error messages may be logged in standard output before
# elasticsearch logging system is initialized. elasticsearch
# stores its logs in /var/log/elasticsearch and does not use
# journalctl by default. if you also want to enable journalctl
# logging, you can simply remove the "quiet" option from execstart.
standardoutput=journal
standarderror=inherit

# specifies the maximum file descriptor number that can be opened by this process
limitnofile=65536

# specifies the maximum number of process
limitnproc=4096

# specifies the maximum size of virtual memory
limitas=infinity

# specifies the maximum file size
limitfsize=infinity

# disable timeout logic and wait until process is stopped
timeoutstopsec=0

# sigterm signal is used to stop the java process
killsignal=sigterm

# send the signal only to the jvm rather than its control group
killmode=process

# java process is never killed
sendsigkill=no

# when a jvm receives a sigterm signal it exits with code 143
successexitstatus=143
 
[install]
wantedby=multi-user.target


vi /etc/sysconfig/elasticsearch

elasticsearch #
#######################

# elasticsearch home directory
es_home=/opt/elasticsearch

# elasticsearch java path
java_home=/home/liyijie/jdk1.8
classpath=.:$java_home/lib/dt.jar:$java_home/lib/tools.jar:$java_homr/jre/lib

# elasticsearch configuration directory
es_path_conf=/opt/elasticsearch/config

# elasticsearch pid directory
pid_dir=/opt/elasticsearch/config

#############################
# elasticsearch service #
#############################

# sysv init.d
# the number of seconds to wait before checking if elasticsearch started successfully as a daemon process
es_startup_sleep_time=5

################################
# elasticsearch properties #
################################
# specifies the maximum file descriptor number that can be opened by this process
# when using systemd,this setting is ignored and the limitnofile defined in
# /usr/lib/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service takes precedence
#max_open_files=65536

# the maximum number of bytes of memory that may be locked into ram
# set to "unlimited" if you use the 'bootstrap.memory_lock: true' option
# in elasticsearch.yml.
# when using systemd,limitmemlock must be set in a unit file such as
# /etc/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service.d/override.conf.
#max_locked_memory=unlimited

# maximum number of vma(virtual memory areas) a process can own
# when using systemd,this setting is ignored and the 'vm.max_map_count'
# property is set at boot time in /usr/lib/sysctl.d/elasticsearch.conf
#max_map_count=262144

# 重新加载服务
systemctl daemon-reload
#切换普通用户
su queylog
#启动elasticsearch
sudo systemctl start elasticsearch
#设置开机自启动
sudo systemctl enable elasticsearch

3、安装logstash

3.1、logstash配置

su queylog
cd /home/queylog
#解压 logstash-6.5.4.tar.gz
tar -zxvf logstash-6.5.4.tar.gz
sudo mv logstash-6.5.4 /opt/logstash
#编辑es配置文件
vi /opt/logstash/config/logstash.yml 
xpack.monitoring.enabled: true
xpack.monitoring.elasticsearch.username: elastic
xpack.monitoring.elasticsearch.password: changeme
xpack.monitoring.elasticsearch.url: ["http://192.168.8.224:9200"]
#在bin目录下创建logstash.conf
vi /opt/logstash/bin/logstash.conf
input {
# 以文件作为来源
file {
# 日志文件路径
path => "/opt/tomcat/logs/catalina.out"
start_position => "beginning" # (end, beginning)
type=> "isp"
}
}
#filter { 
#定义数据的格式,正则解析日志(根据实际需要对日志日志过滤、收集)
#grok {  
# match => { "message" => "%{ipv4:clientip}|%{greedydata:request}|%{number:duration}"}
#}   
#根据需要对数据的类型转换  
#mutate { convert => { "duration" => "integer" }}
#}
# 定义输出 
output {
elasticsearch {
hosts => "192.168.43.211:9200" #elasticsearch 默认端口
index => "ind"
document_type => "isp"
} 
} 
#给该用户授权
chown queylog:queylog /opt/logstash
#启动logstash
./opt/logstash/bin/logstash -f logstash.conf 

# 安装并配置启动logstash后查看es索引是否创建完成
curl http://192.168.8.224:9200/_cat/indices

4、java代码部分

之前在springboot整合elasticsearch与redis的异常解决

查阅资料,这个归纳的原因比较合理。
原因分析:程序的其他地方使用了netty,这里指redis。这影响在实例化传输客户端之前初始化处理器的数量。 实例化传输客户端时,我们尝试初始化处理器的数量。 由于在其他地方使用netty,因此已经初始化并且netty会对此进行防范,因此首次实例化会因看到的非法状态异常而失败。

解决方案

在springboot启动类中加入:

system.setproperty("es.set.netty.runtime.available.processors", "false");

4.1、引入pom依赖

<dependency>
   <groupid>org.springframework.boot</groupid>
   <artifactid>spring-boot-starter-data-elasticsearch</artifactid>
  </dependency>

4.2、修改配置文件

spring.data.elasticsearch.cluster-name=elastic
# restapi使用9200
# java程序使用9300
spring.data.elasticsearch.cluster-nodes=192.168.43.211:9300

4.3、对应的接口以及实现类

import org.springframework.data.elasticsearch.annotations.document;
import org.springframework.data.elasticsearch.annotations.field;

@document(indexname = "ind", type = "isp")
public class bean {


 @field
 private string message;

 public string getmessage() {
  return message;
 }

 public void setmessage(string message) {
  this.message = message;
 }

 @override
 public string tostring() {
  return "tomcat{" +
    ", message='" + message + '\'' +
    '}';
 }
}
import java.util.map;
public interface ielasticsearchservice {

  map<string, object> search(string keywords, integer currentpage, integer pagesize) throws exception ;

	//特殊字符转义
  default string escape( string s) {
  stringbuilder sb = new stringbuilder();

  for(int i = 0; i < s.length(); ++i) {
   char c = s.charat(i);
   if (c == '\\' || c == '+' || c == '-' || c == '!' || c == '(' || c == ')' || c == ':' || c == '^' || c == '[' || c == ']' || c == '"' || c == '{' || c == '}' || c == '~' || c == '*' || c == '?' || c == '|' || c == '&' || c == '/') {
    sb.append('\\');
   }

   sb.append(c);
  }
  return sb.tostring();
 }

}
import org.elasticsearch.index.query.boolquerybuilder;
import org.elasticsearch.index.query.querybuilders;
import org.elasticsearch.search.fetch.subphase.highlight.highlightbuilder;
import org.slf4j.logger;
import org.slf4j.loggerfactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.autowired;
import org.springframework.data.domain.pagerequest;
import org.springframework.data.elasticsearch.core.elasticsearchtemplate;
import org.springframework.data.elasticsearch.core.aggregation.aggregatedpage;
import org.springframework.data.elasticsearch.core.query.nativesearchquerybuilder;
import org.springframework.stereotype.service;

import javax.annotation.resource;
import java.util.arraylist;
import java.util.hashmap;
import java.util.list;
import java.util.map;

/**
 * elasticsearch实现类
 */
@service
public class elasticsearchserviceimpl implements ielasticsearchservice {

 logger log = loggerfactory.getlogger(elasticsearchserviceimpl.class);

 @autowired
 elasticsearchtemplate elasticsearchtemplate;

 @resource
 highlightresulthelper highlightresulthelper;

 @override
 public map<string, object> search(string keywords, integer currentpage, integer pagesize) {
  keywords= escape(keywords);
   currentpage = math.max(currentpage - 1, 0);

  list<highlightbuilder.field> highlightfields = new arraylist<>();
 //设置高亮 把查询到的关键字进行高亮
  highlightbuilder.field message = new highlightbuilder.field("message").fragmentoffset(80000).numoffragments(0).requirefieldmatch(false).pretags("<span style='color:red'>").posttags("</span>");
  highlightfields.add(message);

  highlightbuilder.field[] highlightfieldsary = highlightfields.toarray(new highlightbuilder
    .field[highlightfields.size()]);
  
  //创建查询构造器
  nativesearchquerybuilder querybuilder = new nativesearchquerybuilder();
  //过滤 按字段权重进行搜索 查询内容不为空按关键字、摘要、其他属性权重
  boolquerybuilder boolquerybuilder = querybuilders.boolquery();
  querybuilder.withpageable(pagerequest.of(currentpage, pagesize));
  if (!mystringutils.isempty(keywords)){
   boolquerybuilder.must(querybuilders.querystringquery(keywords).field("message"));
  }

  querybuilder.withquery(boolquerybuilder);

  querybuilder.withhighlightfields(highlightfieldsary);

  log.info("查询语句:{}", querybuilder.build().getquery().tostring());

  //查询
  aggregatedpage<bean> result = elasticsearchtemplate.queryforpage(querybuilder.build(), bean
    .class,highlightresulthelper);
  //解析结果
  long total = result.gettotalelements();
  int totalpage = result.gettotalpages();
  list<bean> bloglist = result.getcontent();
  map<string, object> map = new hashmap<>();
  map.put("total", total);
  map.put("totalpage", totalpage);
  map.put("pagesize", pagesize);
  map.put("currentpage", currentpage + 1);
  map.put("bloglist", bloglist);
  return map;
 }
import com.alibaba.fastjson.jsonobject;
import org.apache.commons.beanutils.propertyutils;
import org.elasticsearch.action.search.searchresponse;
import org.elasticsearch.common.text.text;
import org.elasticsearch.search.searchhit;
import org.elasticsearch.search.fetch.subphase.highlight.highlightfield;
import org.slf4j.logger;
import org.slf4j.loggerfactory;
import org.springframework.data.domain.pageable;
import org.springframework.data.elasticsearch.core.searchresultmapper;
import org.springframework.data.elasticsearch.core.aggregation.aggregatedpage;
import org.springframework.data.elasticsearch.core.aggregation.impl.aggregatedpageimpl;
import org.springframework.stereotype.component;
import org.springframework.util.stringutils;

import java.lang.reflect.invocationtargetexception;
import java.util.arraylist;
import java.util.list;

/**
 * elasticsearch高亮配置
 */
@component
public class highlightresulthelper implements searchresultmapper {

 logger log = loggerfactory.getlogger(highlightresulthelper.class);


 @override
 public <t> aggregatedpage<t> mapresults(searchresponse response, class<t> clazz, pageable pageable) {
  list<t> results = new arraylist<>();
  for (searchhit hit : response.gethits()) {
   if (hit != null) {
    t result = null;
    if (stringutils.hastext(hit.getsourceasstring())) {
     result = jsonobject.parseobject(hit.getsourceasstring(), clazz);
    }
    // 高亮查询
    for (highlightfield field : hit.gethighlightfields().values()) {
     try {
      propertyutils.setproperty(result, field.getname(), concat(field.fragments()));
     } catch (illegalaccessexception | invocationtargetexception | nosuchmethodexception e) {
      log.error("设置高亮字段异常:{}", e.getmessage(), e);
     }
    }
    results.add(result);
   }
  }
  return new aggregatedpageimpl<t>(results, pageable, response.gethits().gettotalhits(), response
    .getaggregations(), response.getscrollid());
 }


 public <t> t mapsearchhit(searchhit searchhit, class<t> clazz) {
  list<t> results = new arraylist<>();
  for (highlightfield field : searchhit.gethighlightfields().values()) {
   t result = null;
   if (stringutils.hastext(searchhit.getsourceasstring())) {
    result = jsonobject.parseobject(searchhit.getsourceasstring(), clazz);
   }
   try {
    propertyutils.setproperty(result, field.getname(), concat(field.fragments()));
   } catch (illegalaccessexception | invocationtargetexception | nosuchmethodexception e) {
    log.error("设置高亮字段异常:{}", e.getmessage(), e);
   }
   results.add(result);
  }
  return null;
 }

 private string concat(text[] texts) {
  stringbuffer sb = new stringbuffer();
  for (text text : texts) {
   sb.append(text.tostring());
  }
  return sb.tostring();
 }
}
import org.junit.test;
import org.junit.runner.runwith;
import org.slf4j.logger;
import org.slf4j.loggerfactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.springboottest;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.springrunner;

@runwith(springrunner.class)
@springboottest(classes = cbeiispapplication.class)
public class elasticsearchservicetest {w

 private static logger logger= loggerfactory.getlogger(encodephoneandcardtest.class);
 
 @autowired
 private ielasticsearchservice elasticsearchservice;

 	@test
 public responsevo getlog(){
  try {
  map<string, object> search = elasticsearchservice.search("exception", 1, 10);
   logger.info( json.tojsonstring(search));
  } catch (exception e) {
   e.printstacktrace();
  }
}

例如:以上就是今天要讲的内容,本文仅仅简单介绍了elasticsearch跟logstash的使用, 文章若有不当之处,欢迎评论指出~

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