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python3发送request请求及查看返回结果实例

2020年05月15日  | 萬仟网IT编程  | 我要评论

我就废话不多说了,大家还是直接看代码吧!

import requests
import json

raw = {}

headers中添加上content-type这个参数,指定为json格式

headers = {‘content-type': ‘application/json'}

post的时候,将data字典形式的参数用json包转换成json格式。

response = requests.post(url=‘xxxx',
headers=headers, data=json.dumps(raw))

返回信息

print(response.text)

返回响应头

print(response.status_code)

补充知识:python3使用requests发送post请求,对接口返回的数据进行处理,最后塞入list,保存到本地的excel中

我就废话不多说了,大家还是直接看代码吧!

#coding:utf-8

import http.cookiejar
import json
from urllib import parse,request
import requests
from openpyxl import workbook
import datetime

name = 'tarcuper'
allowed_domains = ['*']
start_urls1 = 'https://www.tracup.com/api/issues/view'
start_urls2 = 'https://www.tracup.com/api/issues/gettrendlist'

cookies = {
  "acw_tc": "78197306155549842936beitidaile9532fb18575fad1fc268ee",
  "_ga": "ga1.2.1414148155.1555498434",
  "phpsessid": "q7hj5m5neitidaile95efop7eee37ki",
  "_gid": "ga1.2.1742874168.1557716531",
  "pgyx2_session": "wn99zyrethkeqal92z0tyfp1w7u3wmisn8mhrixap7m4phycerp8p9x7rlr4p3zihkid%2b2spej%2bwq2l%2fvzlv7dqvmqhvzaednmtr88kwpcxmb7u%2fcuasbrfr7ha6gtxfsezwclbcwkhnvanq0pd2uh5u051o1gh3ducujpugaydrckg65bg7ae%2bsvx4pgquyhb00%2f%2fvh3cpgtbtnhdwiolra7qrhh6k5owqlfgih1ugvnd69lyeitidaile95wyxijzc4xtuoja7yyktqren2p92e%2brwxccrjchwm6vs9jw1irgdfo%2bxzg4ylpzfctfgk0rmgx%2fr3n9cc%2fmde1asmg58xcdyvbt9bz4fe53cr1ujrmx9mwwehyzt5vcbrt%2fiqhcapzrepr7qgsdq0zafpfvzga1rptsfxqrfn%2bguhphly%2bnu0fk4n%2f99zwig7rrxk%2bpybm2gqz2jz5kyxvagiq%2bq4%3d"
}

headers = {
  "host": "www.tracup.com",
  "connection": "keep-alive",
  "cache-control": "no-cache",
  "pragma": "no-cache",
  "if-modified-since": "0",
  "user-agent": "mozilla/5.0 (windows nt 10.0; win64; x64) applewebkit/537.36 (khtml, like gecko) chrome/73.0.3683.103 safari/537.36",
  "accept": "*/*",
  "referer": "https://www.tracup.com/cloud/",
  "accept-encoding": "gzip, deflate, br",
  "accept-language": "zh-cn,zh;q=0.9",
}

def request2():
  req2 = requests.post(url=start_urls2, data=data, headers=headers, cookies=cookies)
  res2 = req2.text
  res2 = json.loads(res2)
  bbb = (res2['data'])
  # print(bbb)
  # print('上面bbb,下面cccc')
  ccc = (bbb['list'])
  # print(ccc)
  for var in ccc:
    iac_created = var.get('iac_created')
    log = var.get('log')
    # print(log)
    # print(iac_created)
    if log == "修改状态为 已解决":
      return iac_created

wb = workbook()
ws = wb.create_sheet("che")
for i in range(1,500):
  data = {
    "pkey":"916338276d07f3c1cacc662b2afa93c2",
    "ino":str(i),
    }
  req = requests.post(url=start_urls1, data=data, headers=headers, cookies=cookies)
  res = req.text
  res = json.loads(res)
  aaa = (res['data'])
  _alist = []
  j = 0

  try:
    iac_created = request2()
    i_no = aaa['i_no']
    author = aaa['author']
    assigner = aaa['assigner']
    i_created = aaa['i_created']
    i_updated = aaa['i_updated']
    i_status = aaa['i_status']
  except:
    pass
  if i_status == 'a3f47781286ee2ba2bbefbebd0bea5bc' and iac_created != none:
      _alist.append(i_no)
      _alist.append(author)
      _alist.append(assigner)
      _alist.append(i_created)
      _alist.append(iac_created)
      d1 = datetime.datetime.strptime(i_created, '%y-%m-%d %h:%m')
      d2 = datetime.datetime.strptime(iac_created, '%y-%m-%d %h:%m:%s')
      d = d2-d1
      days = d.days
      delta = d.seconds
      h = round(days*24+delta/3600)
      _alist.append(h)
      print(_alist)
      ws.append(_alist)
  wb.save("aaa.xlsx")

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