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webapi日志记录(TXT存储)

2020年03月11日  | 萬仟网IT编程  | 我要评论
记录webapi日志我使用了两种办法,一种是存储TXT的log文档,但我发现使用使用了我接口的日志都会存储到我电脑上。后面改用数据库存储log。数据库存储log信息这种方法个人比较推荐。之前花费了一些时间来写TXT存储还是想记录下来。 转载自:https://blog.csdn.net/lordwi ...

记录webapi日志我使用了两种办法,一种是存储txt的log文档,但我发现使用使用了我接口的日志都会存储到我电脑上。后面改用数据库存储log。数据库存储log信息这种方法个人比较推荐。之前花费了一些时间来写txt存储还是想记录下来。

 

转载自:https://blog.csdn.net/lordwish/article/details/72353851

1、引用nlog类库

打开项目的nuget包管理器,搜索nlog,为项目添加程序包引用。

 

2、修改项目配置文件

在webapi项目的web.config中进行nlog的配置。首先在节点configuration>configsections下添加节点:

此处name必需为nlog,否则配置信息将不能被读取。 然后在configuration节点下添加节点nlog:

这里定义了日志文件的保存路径、命名格式以及日志记录类型和监听级别。

 注意:<configsections>必须要紧跟在<configuration>下方

<configuration>
   <configsections>
      <section name="nlog" type="nlog.config.configsectionhandler,nlog" />
    </configsections>

  <nlog xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/xmlschema">
    <targets>
      <target name="logfile" xsi:type="file" filename="${basedir}/logfile/${date:format=yyyy/mm/dd}-api.txt"/>
      <target name="eventlog" xsi:type="eventlog" layout="${message}" log="application" source="api services"/>
    </targets>
    <rules>
      <logger name="*" minlevel="trace" writeto="logfile"/>
      <logger name="*" minlevel="trace" writeto="eventlog"/>
    </rules>    
  </nlog>
</configuration>

 3、创建日志及跟踪类

创建日志跟踪类applog,继承于system.web.http.tracing下的跟踪编写器接口itracewriter,用于日志生成和写入:

using newtonsoft.json;
using nlog;
using system;
using system.collections.generic;
using system.linq;
using system.net.http;
using system.text;
using system.web;
using system.web.http.tracing;

namespace insidemesapi.log
{
    public sealed class applog : itracewriter
    {
        //日志写入
        private static readonly logger applogger = logmanager.getcurrentclasslogger();
        private static readonly lazy<dictionary<tracelevel, action<string>>> loggingmap = new lazy<dictionary<tracelevel, action<string>>>(() => new dictionary<tracelevel, action<string>>
        {
            {tracelevel.info,applogger.info },
            {tracelevel.debug,applogger.debug },
            {tracelevel.error,applogger.error },
            {tracelevel.fatal,applogger.fatal },
            {tracelevel.warn,applogger.warn }
        });


        private dictionary<tracelevel, action<string>> logger
        {
            get { return loggingmap.value; }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 跟踪编写器接口实现
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="request"></param>
        /// <param name="category"></param>
        /// <param name="level"></param>
        /// <param name="traceaction"></param>
        public void trace(httprequestmessage request, string category, tracelevel level, action<tracerecord> traceaction)
        {
            if (level != tracelevel.off)//未禁用日志跟踪
            {
                if (traceaction != null && traceaction.target != null)
                {
                    category = category + environment.newline + "action parameters : " + jsonconvert.serializeobject(traceaction.target);
                }
                var record = new tracerecord(request, category, level);
                if (traceaction != null)
                {
                    traceaction(record);
                }
                //  traceaction?.invoke(record);
                log(record);
            }
            //throw new notimplementedexception();
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 日志写入
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="record"></param>
        private void log(tracerecord record)
        {
            var message = new stringbuilder();

            /**************************运行日志****************************/

            if (!string.isnullorwhitespace(record.message))
            {
                message.append("").append(record.message + environment.newline);
            }

            if (record.request != null)
            {
                if (record.request.method != null)
                {
                    message.append("method : " + record.request.method + environment.newline);
                }

                if (record.request.requesturi != null)
                {
                    message.append("").append("url : " + record.request.requesturi + environment.newline);
                }

                if (record.request.headers != null && record.request.headers.contains("token") && record.request.headers.getvalues("token") != null && record.request.headers.getvalues("token").firstordefault() != null)
                {
                    message.append("").append("token : " + record.request.headers.getvalues("token").firstordefault() + environment.newline);
                }
            }

            if (!string.isnullorwhitespace(record.category))
            {
                message.append("").append(record.category);
            }

            //if (!string.isnullorwhitespace(record.operator))
            //{
            //    message.append(" ").append(record.operator).append(" ").append(record.operation);
            //}

            //***************************异常日志***********************************//
            if (record.exception != null && !string.isnullorwhitespace(record.exception.getbaseexception().message))
            {
                var exceptiontype = record.exception.gettype();
                message.append(environment.newline);
                message.append("").append("error : " + record.exception.getbaseexception().message + environment.newline);

            }


            //日志写入本地文件
            logger[record.level](convert.tostring(message) + environment.newline);
        }
    }
}

 创建日志筛选器类logfilterattribute,继承于system.web.http.filters下的筛选器特性基类,用于定义日志内容:

using system;
using system.web.http;
using system.web.http.controllers;
using system.web.http.tracing;

namespace insidemesapi.log
{
    public class logfilterattribute : system.web.http.filters.actionfilterattribute
    {
        public override void onactionexecuting(httpactioncontext actioncontext)
        {
            globalconfiguration.configuration.services.replace(typeof(itracewriter), new applog());
            var trace = globalconfiguration.configuration.services.gettracewriter();
            //trace.info(actioncontext.request, "controller : " + actioncontext.controllercontext.controllerdescriptor.controllertype.fullname + environment.newline + "action : " + actioncontext.actiondescriptor.actionname, "json", actioncontext.actionarguments);
            //base.onactionexecuting(actioncontext);
        }
    }
}

创建异常筛选器类abnormalfilterattribute,继承于system.web.http.filters下的异常筛选器类,用于异常信息的跟踪筛选:

using system;
using system.componentmodel.dataannotations;
using system.net;
using system.net.http;
using system.web.http;
using system.web.http.filters;
using system.web.http.tracing;


namespace insidemesapi.log
{
    public class abnormalfilterattribute : system.web.http.filters.exceptionfilterattribute
    {
        public override void onexception(httpactionexecutedcontext actionexecutedcontext)
        {
            globalconfiguration.configuration.services.replace(typeof(itracewriter), new applog());
            var trace = globalconfiguration.configuration.services.gettracewriter();
            trace.error(actionexecutedcontext.request, "controller : " + actionexecutedcontext.actioncontext.controllercontext.controllerdescriptor.controllertype.fullname + environment.newline + "action : " + actionexecutedcontext.actioncontext.actiondescriptor.actionname, actionexecutedcontext.exception);
            var exceptiontype = actionexecutedcontext.exception.gettype();
            if (exceptiontype == typeof(validationexception))
            {
                var resp = new httpresponsemessage(httpstatuscode.badrequest) { content = new stringcontent(actionexecutedcontext.exception.message), reasonphrase = "validationexception" };
                throw new httpresponseexception(resp);
            }
            else if (exceptiontype == typeof(unauthorizedaccessexception))
            {
                throw new httpresponseexception(actionexecutedcontext.request.createresponse(httpstatuscode.unauthorized));
            }
            else
            {
                throw new httpresponseexception(actionexecutedcontext.request.createresponse(httpstatuscode.internalservererror));
            }
            //base.onexception(actionexecutedcontext);
        }
    }
}

 

4、应用配置

 public static class webapiconfig
    {
        public static void register(httpconfiguration config)
        {
            日志配置
            config.filters.add(new log.logfilterattribute());
            config.filters.add(new log.abnormalfilterattribute());
         }
     }

 

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