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使用PyQtGraph绘制精美的股票行情K线图的示例代码

2019年04月02日 17:48  | 萬仟网IT编程  | 我要评论

pyqtgraph是python平台上一种功能强大的2d/3d绘图库,相对于matplotlib库,由于其在内部实现方式上,使用了高速计算的numpy信号处理库以及qt的graphicsview框架,因此它在大数据量的处理及快速显示方面有着天然的优势,非常适合于需要快速绘图更新、视频或实时交互性的操作场合,在数学、科学和工程领域都有着广泛的应用。

k线图介绍

对于股票交易者来讲,k线图是弄清股票一段时间走势的一种最基本的图形工具,k线分为阳线和阴线,阳线和阴线都包含了开盘价、收盘价、最高价和最低价,一般k线如下图所示:

当收盘价大于开盘价时,称为阳线,在图形上一般用红色表示,反之,当收盘价低于开盘价时,称为阴线,在图形上一般用绿色表示。由于其形状颇似一根根蜡烛,k线图有时也叫做蜡烛图。

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

# form implementation generated from reading ui file 'qwidget_plot.ui'
#
# created by: pyqt4 ui code generator 4.11.4
#
# warning! all changes made in this file will be lost!

import sys
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding('utf-8')
from pyqt4 import qtcore, qtgui
import datetime
import pyqtgraph as pg
import tushare as ts

try:
  _fromutf8 = qtcore.qstring.fromutf8
except attributeerror:
  def _fromutf8(s):
    return s

try:
  _encoding = qtgui.qapplication.unicodeutf8
  def _translate(context, text, disambig):
    return qtgui.qapplication.translate(context, text, disambig, _encoding)
except attributeerror:
  def _translate(context, text, disambig):
    return qtgui.qapplication.translate(context, text, disambig)

class ui_mainwindow(object):
  def setupui(self, mainwindow):
    mainwindow.setobjectname(_fromutf8("mainwindow"))
    mainwindow.resize(800, 600)
    self.centralwidget = qtgui.qwidget(mainwindow)
    self.centralwidget.setobjectname(_fromutf8("centralwidget"))
    self.verticallayout_2 = qtgui.qvboxlayout(self.centralwidget)
    self.verticallayout_2.setobjectname(_fromutf8("verticallayout"))
    self.verticallayout_2.setobjectname(_fromutf8("verticallayout_2"))
    self.verticallayout_2.setcontentsmargins(0, 0, 0, 0)
    mainwindow.setcentralwidget(self.centralwidget)
    self.menubar = qtgui.qmenubar(mainwindow)
    self.menubar.setgeometry(qtcore.qrect(0, 0, 800, 31))
    self.menubar.setobjectname(_fromutf8("menubar"))
    mainwindow.setmenubar(self.menubar)

    self.drawchart = drawchart(ktype='d')
    self.verticallayout_2.addwidget(self.drawchart.pyqtgraphdrawchart())

    self.retranslateui(mainwindow)
    qtcore.qmetaobject.connectslotsbyname(mainwindow)

  def retranslateui(self, mainwindow):
    mainwindow.setwindowtitle(_translate("mainwindow", "mainwindow", none))

class drawchart():
  def __init__(self, code='sz50', start=str(datetime.date.today() - datetime.timedelta(days=200)), end=str(datetime.date.today() + datetime.timedelta(days=1)), ktype='d'):
    self.code = code
    self.start = start
    self.end = end
    self.ktype = ktype
    self.data_list, self.t = self.getdata()

  def pyqtgraphdrawchart(self):
    try:
      self.item = candlestickitem(self.data_list)
      self.xdict = {0: str(self.hist_data.index[0]).replace('-', '/'), int((self.t + 1) / 2) - 1: str(self.hist_data.index[int((self.t + 1) / 2)]).replace('-', '/'), self.t - 1: str(self.hist_data.index[-1]).replace('-', '/')}
      self.stringaxis = pg.axisitem(orientation='bottom')
      self.stringaxis.setticks([self.xdict.items()])
      self.plt = pg.plotwidget(axisitems={'bottom': self.stringaxis}, enablemenu=false)

      self.plt.additem(self.item)
      # self.plt.showgrid(x=true, y=true)

      return self.plt
    except:
      return pg.plotwidget()

  def getdata(self):
    self.start = str(datetime.date.today() - datetime.timedelta(days=150))
    self.end = str(datetime.date.today() + datetime.timedelta(days=1))
    self.hist_data = ts.get_hist_data(self.code, self.start, self.end, self.ktype).sort_index()[-300:-1]
    data_list = []
    t = 0
    for dates, row in self.hist_data.iterrows():
      open, high, close, low, volume, price_change, p_change, ma5, ma10, ma20 = row[:10]
      datas = (t, open, close, low, high, volume, price_change, p_change, ma5, ma10, ma20)
      data_list.append(datas)
      t += 1
    return data_list, t

class candlestickitem(pg.graphicsobject):
  def __init__(self, data):
    pg.graphicsobject.__init__(self)
    self.data = data
    self.generatepicture()

  def generatepicture(self):
    self.picture = qtgui.qpicture()
    p = qtgui.qpainter(self.picture)
    p.setpen(pg.mkpen('w'))
    w = (self.data[1][0] - self.data[0][0]) / 3.
    prema5 = 0
    prema10 = 0
    prema20 = 0
    for (t, open, close, min, max, volume, price_change, p_change, ma5, ma10, ma20) in self.data:
      if open > close:
        p.setpen(pg.mkpen('g'))
        p.setbrush(pg.mkbrush('g'))
      else:
        p.setpen(pg.mkpen('r'))
        p.setbrush(pg.mkbrush('r'))
      p.drawline(qtcore.qpointf(t, min), qtcore.qpointf(t, max))
      p.drawrect(qtcore.qrectf(t - w, open, w * 2, close - open))
      if prema5 != 0:
        p.setpen(pg.mkpen('w'))
        p.setbrush(pg.mkbrush('w'))
        p.drawline(qtcore.qpointf(t-1, prema5), qtcore.qpointf(t, ma5))
      prema5 = ma5
      if prema10 != 0:
        p.setpen(pg.mkpen('c'))
        p.setbrush(pg.mkbrush('c'))
        p.drawline(qtcore.qpointf(t-1, prema10), qtcore.qpointf(t, ma10))
      prema10 = ma10
      if prema20 != 0:
        p.setpen(pg.mkpen('m'))
        p.setbrush(pg.mkbrush('m'))
        p.drawline(qtcore.qpointf(t-1, prema20), qtcore.qpointf(t, ma20))
      prema20 = ma20
    p.end()

  def paint(self, p, *args):
    p.drawpicture(0, 0, self.picture)

  def boundingrect(self):
    return qtcore.qrectf(self.picture.boundingrect())

if __name__ == "__main__":
  import sys
  app = qtgui.qapplication(sys.argv)
  mainwindow = qtgui.qmainwindow()
  ui = ui_mainwindow()
  ui.setupui(mainwindow)
  mainwindow.show()
  sys.exit(app.exec_())

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